Your dentist or hygienist visually inspects your mouth for tooth decay, periodontal disease and oral cancer. One or more of the following procedures may be used to better assess your oral health.
Your dentist may use a thin metal pick (explorer) to evaluate the enameled surfaces of your teeth, looking for soft spots, which often are an early sign of tooth decay.
Probing for Pockets
One of the best measures of the health of your gums is the depth of the gingival sulcus groove along your gumline. Your dentist or hygienist gauges your gingival sulcus depth at several points around each tooth by inserting a thin measuring rod (periodontal probe) in the gingival sulcus between the gum tissue and the tooth until the probe meets a slight resistance. A depth of 1 to 3 millimeters indicates a healthy gum. A depth of over 3 millimeters may indicate that a pocket is forming between your tooth and gum. The deeper the pocket, the more serious your gum disease.
X-rays or digital images can show the development of dental decay and disease in areas of your mouth that your dentist can’t see, such as between your teeth. They can also show how deep into your tooth a cavity may have progressed. In an area of periodontal disease, the progression of supporting bone loss around the tooth can be assessed with an X-ray or digital image.
Your dentist may send a sample of the fluid between your gums and teeth to a laboratory to try to identify what strains of bacteria may be causing your periodontal disease. Once specific bacterial strains are identified, your dentist may be able to target them with specific antibiotic treatments.
Your Dental Visit Toronto
If you are experiencing tooth sensitivity or any other oral health issues, give Lawrence Avenue Dental a call today. Our practice is growing and accepting new patients. We are conveniently located in East Toronto at DVP and Lawrence Avenue. Ample, free parking is available.